Fur Trade Timeline






For my final presentation I made a Timeline JS that tracks the growth of the beaver fur trade from the early 16th century to the mid 18th century. I begin with the birth of the fur trade and how it came to be such a sought after piece and industry. I begin my timeline with a brief introduction of fur and its beginning as a popular trading commodity. My timeline gives the history of the fur trade by marking important dates that were influential to the industry. I focus specifically on the global consequences of exploration, such as the spike demand for fur in the 16th century that leads to significant turmoil in the Great Lakes region. I will note dates that have to do with trade routes, exploration, conquests, interaction between peoples (new relationships that emerge out of the fur trade), hunting, and business in relation to the fur industry. A part of my timeline will also be when fur began to be used in fashion, specifically for hats. I conclude my timeline with the date of 1778, when the trade began to move West, as I primarily focused on the East. I found a timeline the best way to discuss the fur trade in an organized way because, in reality, a very confusing landscape emerged out of the beaver fur trade, and there might not be a truly organized, clear way to discuss it.









Primary Sources


Biard, Father Pierre. “The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents 1610 to 1791.”   Puffin.Creighton.Edu. May 26, 1614. Accessed November 12, 2014.             http://puffin.creighton.edu/jesuit/relations/.


Nicholas de Fer. Le Cours de Missisipi. 1718. Outline color. Newberry Library, Chicago. Accessed 10 Nov. 2014. <http://publications.newberry.org/indiansofthemidwest/people-places-time/eras/fur-trade/>


Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn. The Syndics of the Clothmakers Guild. 1662. Oil on canvas. 191.5 × 279 cm. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/collection/SK-C-6. Accessed December 13, 2014.


Samuel Champlain, Les Voyages de Sieur de Champlain. 1609, painting. Brook, Timothy. “Vermeer’s Hat.” In Vermeer’s Hat, 26-53. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2010.



Secondary Sources


Brook, Timothy. “Vermeer’s Hat.” In Vermeer’s Hat, 26-53. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2010.


Carlos, Ann, and Lewis, Frank. “The Economic History of the Fur Trade: 1670 to 1870.” Economic History Association. Accessed December 12, 2014. http://eh.net/encyclopedia/the-economic-history-of-the-fur-trade-1670-to-1870/.


Crean, J.F. “Hats and the Fur Trade.” The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 23, no. 3 (1962): 373-86. Accessed November 10, 2014. JSTOR.com.


Emberley, Julia. “Fur.” Edited by Valerie Steele. Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion 2 (2005): 115-17. Accessed November 9, 2014. Gale Virtual Reference Library.

Hopkins, Susie. “The Century of Hats: Headturning Styles of the 20th Century.” Chartwell Books,1999.


Ingrams, F.C. “Furs and the Fur Trade.” Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 72, no. 3739 (1924): 593-605. Accessed November 10, 2014. JSTOR.com.


Taylor, Alan. “Canada and Iroquoia.” In American Colonies: The Settling of North America, edited by Eric Foner, 91-113. New York: Penguin Books, 2001.



“Time Line- A Brief History of the Fur Trade” White Oak Learning Centre & White Oak Fur Post.


Images from Google


Hudson Bay Company Logo. http://www.torontolife.com/tag/hudsons-bay-company/. Accessed December 12, 2014.


Dutch West India Company Logo. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_Dutch_West_India_Company.png. Accessed December 12, 2014.


Iroquois Five Nation Map. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iroquois_5_Nation_Map_c1650.png. Accessed December 12, 2014.

TimelineJS Links: